Category: Pomsky 101

How to Check Your Puppy For Worms

Dog’s have well-developed immune systems which can defend against a massive variety of illnesses, diseases, and even worms. The common worm issue arises from the typical nutrition-deficient diet of the household dog. Their natural diet consists primarily of meat and bones. Most dog food companies have substituted the healthy meat and bone diet with corn, rice, chicken meal, and other unhealthy filler ingredients. It is the canine version of the junk food diet, and it will circumvent the immune system of your puppy just like it does for any human living off of burgers from a fast food joint.

What are the signs that my dog has worms?
There are many types of worms, and each of them have different symptoms that can indicate their presence. Out of all of those worms, there are five types of worms that stand out as the most common.

Tapeworms
These nasty little buggers live in the inner lining of the intestinal wall. They use their hooks and suckers to attach themselves and then begin to drain nutrition from any food that they ingest. They pass their young through the feces of the affected dog.

Roundworms and Hookworms
These are the most common type of worm infestations in canines. Like many other types of worms, they seek harbor in the stomach and along the intestinal walls.

Heartworms
The heartworm is possibly the most disturbing member of the worm family. Like the name suggests, the heartworms travels through blood vessels causing blockages and potentially death. There eggs are extremely small and can be transmitted through mosquito bites. Unfortunately, in the early stages, this disease is very difficult to detect. The signs are few until damage has already taken place. For this reason, it is important to have your dog tested for heartworms once or twice a year.

Whipworms
Whipworms secure themselves upon the walls of the small and large intestines. They are a more difficult than most worms to detect, but there are still signs ( which will be discussed in a bit ). They do not reproduce as rampantly as other worms. While they don’t reproduce as quickly, they’re eggs can remain dormant for up to five years until it infects a host. This makes it exceptionally easy for dogs to become infected (or re-infected) at areas frequently visited by dogs (such as dog parks).

Now that we know a bit about the types of worms. Here are some of the indicators of these 5 types:

Coughing
Some types of the worms can cause intense coughing. This is one of the signs of a high-level infestation of heartworms that have saturated the heart and its blood vessels. Heartworms aren’t the only type of worms that can cause a cough. Hookworms and roundworms can also cause this symptom.

Vomiting
Some worms habitate the stomach of its host. This causes an uneasy stomach which will ultimately cause the affected dog to vomit. On the plus side, this is a good opportunity to check and confirm the presence of the worms which will probably be found within the bile.

Diarrhea
The intestines are the most common location to harbor worms. This is a prime location for the infestation to steal nutrients and lay eggs within the feces of the dog. This helps to spread the infection to other dogs and to a lesser extent, humans.

Low Energy
There are a combination of worm behaviors that can drain a dog of its energy. Some worms, as stated earlier, dwell within the heart, blood vessels, and lungs. This interferes with the blood from pumping to deliver oxygen and vital nutrients to the body of the dog. Also, all worms are living creatures which means that they need nutrients to live. The only way to get those nutrients is to steal them from the host.

Pot Belly
Some worms are transferred from the mother to the puppies during their development within the womb. The worms then multiply and cause the pot-bellied appearance that is somewhat commonly seen in puppies. This indication of infection is not limited to puppies though, so keep an eye on your dog, no matter the age.

Weight Loss
Worms can circumvent the normal healthy appetite of a dog and siphon the nutrition out of any ingested foods. This can lead to notable decrease of weight.

Dull Coat
Sometimes worms can affect a canine’s coat. It can transform a healthy, full, and naturally oiled coat to become spotty and to loose its luster. If this happens, you will probably also see rashes where worms have chosen to inhabit.

Itchy
There are several worms that live on the surface and below the surface of the skin. They cause the previously mentioned, irritating rashes that cause no end of discomfort to the poor affected pup. It might be time to take a closer look if you see your dog constantly scratching an area. Don’t forget your gloves though. It wouldn’t be a good idea to make physical contact with a parasite.

Scooting
These annoying parasites can also be found around and inside the rectum of dogs. It is painful situation for the dog, and it the dog will usually try to remove the irritation by scooting its backside across the floor. This isn’t always a sign of worms though. This can also be a sign of a common glandular problem. Either way, it is best to examine and determine the source of its suffering.

Worm Infested Poop
Many worms lay their eggs within the small and large intestines, and those eggs are swept away into fecal matter. On the upside, this makes for easy identification of the problem. On the downside, it also makes the worms easy to transfer to another dog or human.

Illnesses, diseases, and infections are sometimes difficult to identify because many of them will share similar symptoms. There are a hundred different causes for a cough or for diarrhea in humans. This same fact holds true for dogs as well. That is why a trained veterinarian is usually the best solution for determining the cause and crafting a cure. Find a local vet and you will be taking a great first step to ensuring the health of your dog.

Can I Give My Dog Grapes?

SHORT ANSWER: NO.

Every species has its own unique digestive enzymes and its own metabolic processes that help to integrate biomatter into its anatomy. Being unique, each species can digest its own set of vegetables, fruits, berries, grains, etc. It can be dangerous if they try to digest anything outside of their bodies’ capabilities.

In this specific case, grapes can be a bit tricky. There are recorded cases of some dogs being capable of digesting grapes. Those are rare though, and they should not be taken as the rule. Rather, they should be considered as the exception to the rule.

Normally, dogs are incapable of safely metabolising grapes, and it should be assumed that all dogs share this trait. The potential dangers of eating grapes is too great, and it is far from worth the enjoyment that such a simple treat would bring. So to answer the question, no, your dog cannot eat grapes. At least, your dog cannot eat grapes without risking their health and potentially their lives.

What are the symptoms of toxicity?
As the dog’s body attempts to process the grape, the grape will begin to affect the dog’s organs as it makes contact with them. Initially, within the first couple of hours, the stomach will likely attempt to expel the grape through vomiting it out of the body. The next visible symptom will likely be diarrhea. This will quickly begin to dehydrate the body of its water which will be counteracted by the dog drinking lots of water; This sudden increase in fluids will cause the dog to pee excessively.

In the worst case scenario, the dog might suffer from acute kidney failure. This is a life-threatening and a vet should immediately be contacted if kidney failure is even suspected. The primary and most obvious symptoms have already been listed, but there are a few additional symptoms. In the event of a kidney failure, the urea that is normally passed through pee will begin to pile up in the kidneys. This will begin to affect the smell of the dogs breath – which will smell like urine. The gums of the mouth will also be affected and begin to produce ulcers. The final symptom will be a dangerous increase in blood pressure which might force the dog into a coma.

What are the treatment options?
If you are sure that your dog has eaten grapes then you should contact your vet or the pet poison control center as soon as possible. You should also begin to induce vomiting immediately. The process is simple, but you should be careful and follow these instructions carefully.

Side Note – Vomiting is a good option in the case of the eating a grape, but it isn’t a good option in all situations of ingesting a poisonous substances. Sometimes vomiting can cause a worse situation (For example: if the dog ingested gasoline, if the dog ingested a caustic substance, etc.).
Optimally, you will want a few things before you begin.

Information: Dog’s weight ( For appropriate dose calculation )
Any Known Health Issues
What the dog ingested, how much, and when
Hydrogen Peroxide (You will need approximately 1 teaspoon for every five pounds of your dog’s weight).

(For a quick calculation, please use the guide below)
5 Teaspoons ( 1.66 Tablespoons ) for 25 pounds
10 Teaspoons ( 3.33 Tablespoons ) for 50 pounds
15 Teaspoons ( 5 Tablespoons ) for 75 pounds
20 Teaspoons ( 6.66 Tablespoons ) for 100 pounds
25 Teaspoons ( 8.33 Tablespoons ) for 125 pounds
30 Teaspoons ( 10 Tablespoons ) for 150 pounds
Turkey baster or equivalent to squirt the Hydrogen Peroxide into the back of the mouth.

It is recommended that you contact either your veterinarian or the pet poison control center ( (888) 426-4435) to get advice on whether or not to inducing emesis (vomiting). There is a potential $65 consultation fee for the Pet Poison Control Center, so calling your local vet might be cheaper.

If you get the go ahead, the actual process is very simple. Draw up the suggested dose within the turkey baster, needleless syringe, or the equivalent and spray the the hydrogen peroxide into the back of the dog’s mouth. Wait about 15 minutes, and if your dog has not vomited you can give it another dose. Whether or not your dog vomits, do not give your dog a third dose.